According to the standard workplace safety regulations, there are two groups of electrical safety clearance. To obtain the initial group, the employee must be trained, trained under the supervision of an experienced worker, and tested at the workplace. No one will teach you at home, here you are responsible for yourself – so be sure to read the operating instructions before turning on the equipment for the first time.
For the home workshop
There are general rules and recommendations for working with any tools.
Damp and high humidity in the workplace creates a risk of electric shock. For electrical safety, the floor in the workshop is better covered with wood, which in contrast to the ground, metal, bricks do not conduct current.
Cleanliness and order are not only pleasing to the eye but also take care of your well-being. Aggressive substances, mold can destroy wiring. Gasoline, oil should be stored in special containers, for example, metal canisters with a tightly closed lid. It is necessary to exclude the impact of sparks on the containers, so they are placed in a place away from the working equipment and heaters. Gasoline-powered tools shall not be used indoors.
Along with the basic equipment in the workshop must be the means of protection of the organs of vision, hearing, and breathing. It is recommended to add a helmet. In the eye can get particles of wood, metal or other materials are formed during their processing. Preventing injury is easy with goggles. Those that cover most of the face are considered the best.
If a person is exposed to noise for a long period of time, his or her hearing will become impaired over time. But even working occasionally with tools such as lawnmowers, chain saws, and circular saws, wearing headphones immediately makes you feel much more comfortable. You can also use noise-canceling plugs that are inserted in the ears.
A large amount of dust is generated when grinding. To protect the respiratory organs, you can use a gauze bandage, an ordinary respirator or its advanced model with a valve that facilitates breathing. Filter masks are useful for painting and varnishing in confined spaces.
Before you start
The joy of acquiring a power tool is so great that the user forgets to read the instructions. Technique – it is not the case when the principles of its operation are immediately mastered in practice. This is dangerous to the health and purse of the user because the warranty is not valid in case of breakage from a knowingly wrong operation.
It does not matter, whether the tool is new or not, you should check its condition before you start working. Without turning it on, first check whether all parts, including protective devices, are present, they must be intact and securely fastened. The cable is checked from the plug to the protective tube. If the spindle can be turned by hand when the motor is off, then the gearbox is OK. Then turn on the tool and let it idle. All operations take less than a minute, professionals have made them automatic.
During the work
The tooling used – drills, disks – must be sharp and without damage. To replace it, the power tool must be unplugged. The safety of work significantly increases the use of clamps, clamps, stops, vices. With the help of devices, the part is fixed much more reliably than manually.
If any malfunction occurs, the work is stopped. If the power supply is interrupted, do not forget to turn off the power tool with the switch on the handle.
- Do not work outdoors when it is raining or snowing (only allowed for cordless models)
- A vise must be used when drilling small objects
- The drill must be properly secured (tightened)
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- Use quality blades with an appropriate type of shank
- Clamp the workpiece in a vice or hold it with your hand that must be behind the saw blade
- Bear in mind that the saw blade comes out from the backside of the material
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- Blades have to be sharp, smooth, and without cracks
- The work-piece must be clamped in a vice
- Hold the saw with both hands and keep it away from the saw blade rotation line.
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- Grasp the tool by both handles
- Do not exert pressure on the cutter in an effort to speed up the work
- Clamp the workpiece securely
- Perform deep cuts in stages.
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- Install the sanding paper or belt correctly
- If the workpiece is small, clamp it in a vise
- Do not force the tool against the surface
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- The tool is not designed for woodworking
- Add to the personal protective equipment thick gloves for protection from sparks
- Work only with the protective cover
Exercise caution at the end of the job – the cut pipe may jam and pinch the disc
- Use sharp augers.
- Do not work in rain or snow
- Do not forget about maintenance.
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- Do not use a damaged reel or blade.
- Wear long pants and closed footwear.
- Keep people and animals at least 15 meters away from you.
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- Do not allow the upper area of the guide bar to come into contact with the material to be sawn
- Do not hold the saw above shoulder height during operation.
- Do not work on a ladder
- Pull out with care if the saw becomes stuck in a kerf.
- When cutting brush, the chain can catch and throw aside a thin branch
- Always cut wood correctly, making sure the work area is properly prepared beforehand.
- Check chain tension.
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