A drainage system around the house in some regions is a necessary element to protect the structure from natural influences – water can destroy high-strength building materials, including concrete, brick, metal.
Without appropriate measures, the life of a structure is reduced. To ensure reliability, a foundation drainage system is especially important, eliminating the risk of damage to the foundation of the building.
In addition, the well-being of plants on a homestead or suburban plot, the yield of vegetables and fruits, the condition of lawn grasses and flowers, as well as ornamental shrubs and trees largely depends on the water balance of the territory. Excessive moisture in the soil harms most plants, depresses their growth, deteriorates their appearance and reduces the yield.
What Is a Catch Basin?
A catch basin is a buried container for receiving and redistributing surface water. The open-top is covered with a slotted grid through which water flows and leaves and other debris are blocked. There are holes on the sides of the basin to attach pipes that drain water from the basin. Often these holes have not yet been cut. It is left up to the user to punch the holes.
Open drainage is the simplest and cheapest method of the drainage system on the site. It does not require any special equipment.
On small plots, it is quite possible to manage with shovels, although in order to quickly dig drainage ditches and construct a drainage pond, a small excavator will do better.
The open drainage system consists of drainage ditches along the perimeter of the site and a water catchment in the lowest part of the territory. Most often it is a specially dug pond, but the role of the catchment can perform and natural reservoir (pond, lake, river) or roadside ditch.
The site should be planned in such a way that there is a slope towards the drainage ditches. Only in this case, excess water will flow into the ditches and from there into the catchment. It is most reasonable to provide such a slope at the stage of landscape design.
The design of an open drainage system is simple, but its operation involves a number of difficulties. Drainage ditches and drainage collector need constant maintenance, they need to be cleaned and corrected regularly. In addition, open drainage can spoil the aesthetic impression of the site.
Closed drainage systems lack the disadvantages that are characteristic of open drainage.
The closed drainage system also includes drainage ditches – but these ditches are backfilled with porous material – sand and fine crushed stone. They are filled not completely, but only for 20-40 cm. This is quite enough.
And on top of the sand and gravel is laid the previously excavated soil, which hides the drainage ditch from view.
Drainage troughs and pipes
The most professional and effective is the device of drainage systems with the use of special equipment – drainage channels, wells, drainage pipes.
Drainage channels are mostly used for water drainage from buildings, sites, and paths. They are made of concrete, and their design should take into account whether these trays will be used on walkways or driveways for vehicles. This determines both the concrete grade and the design of the gutters.
Drainage systems have become especially easy with the advent of lightweight and corrosion-free polymeric drainage pipes.
Chronologically, the first was polyethylene pipes, but now they are used less and less often because they have been replaced by PVC drainage pipes.
Perforated PVC pipes have mechanical and functional characteristics that allow them to be used at any site for the drainage of any type of soil. Water penetrates these pipes through small holes, and when selecting pipes, one must consider the risk of clogging and siltation. If there is no such risk, you can use pipes without a filter. If clogging is possible, it is better to choose pipes with a filter (e.g. made of geotextile or coir).
The longevity of the drainage system depends on the right choice of pipes. As for the installation of the system. Drainage pipes made of PVC is easy to transport, store and install – because their weight does not exceed 5 kg per 10 linear meters.
Catch basin for drainage - The Best Choice
The catch basin is designed to collect and divert water to safe areas, protecting property against water damage caused by excess rainwater or irrigation. The basin accepts 3-inch and 4-inch S and D and corrugated piping along with Sch 40 PVC. Made of heavy-duty polypropylene, this catch basin can handle medium-duty pneumatic tire traffic, autos, and trucks.
Catch Basin – Inspection and Maintenance – Video
Buyer’s guide for catch basin for drainage
This review and guide provide information on the best catch basin for drainage you can find.
There are quite a few manufacturers of catch basins for drainage on the market, and the prices vary greatly. From a pure price point of view, the type of catch basin for drainage can be priced from $41 to $110.
Catch basin for drainage for the money
All our reviews are based exclusively on expert judgments or practical experience with most of the catch basin for drainage we have tested. We strive to make our guide as independent and as detailed as possible.
Catch basins for drainage in comparison
StormDrain Large Round Catch Basin
Collect and disperse large quantities of water
Easily the most versatile catch basin on the market, this 20-in catch basin drain box is great for large applications such as golf courses but is also a suitable size for the home. The basin accepts 6-in, 4-in, 3-in, and 2-in plastic or corrugated pipe. Kit includes basin, grate, (4) adapters for 2-in, 3-in, or 4-in, (2) adapters for the 6-in pipe.
NDS Black Plastic Grate 12 in
Collect stormwater runoff and standing water
Manage heavy flows of water from lawns, landscaped areas, under downspouts, patios, and walkways. Connect to 3 in. & 4 in. Sewer and drain, single-wall corrugated & triple-wall pipes & 4 in. Sch. Kit includes 12 in. Catch Basin Drain with 2 side openings and knockout for bottom opening, 2 Outlet Adapters, 1 Plug, Plastic Drain Grate.
NDS Black Plastic Grate 9 in
Solving stormwater problems
Use the 9×9 catch basin as part of a complete drainage system to collect and direct heavy flows of water to drain pipe and take it away to a discharge point downstream such as a pop-up emitter or to percolate into the ground with a dry well or infiltration trench. Kit includes a two-opening catch basin drain; 2 outlet adapters to connect to 3 in. & 4 in. drain pipes; 1 plug, and 9 in. catch basin grate to block debris from clogging your drain pipes.
Any drainage measures should begin with the design. A comprehensive approach is recommended while ensuring reliable waterproofing of the foundation. Three important steps should be planned – the application of waterproofing on the foundation, deep groundwater drainage, and surface storm drainage. The design of the drainage system should include the route of the pipeline, taking into account the topography of the site and the location of collection wells. In the case of long drainage mains, construction of additional observation wells is envisaged.
Installation of a typical drainage system around the house is carried out in the following order:
- Digging a trench around the perimeter of the house. Its depth should exceed the depth of the foundation for 30-40 cm.
- Laying of the damp-proof layer. It is formed from several layers of clay and crushed stone with compaction.
- Pouring a sand cushion and the formation of the slope of the route.
- Laying of the geotextile.
- Assembling the drainage pipes. They are laid throughout the trench, joined together, and then a branch to the main pipeline is made. Most often, special perforated plastic pipes with a diameter of 70-110 mm are used. If there are no ready-made drains, you can make them yourself. To do this, holes are drilled in pipes of the required diameter.
- Backfilling with crushed stone, laying of geotextile, and sand sprinkling.
The drainage system is a necessary protective element for the foundation. Without it, the durability of the structure is significantly reduced. It is possible to install the system with your own hands, but with regard to all the requirements.
Catch basin for drainage Price:
- NDS Black Plastic Grate 9 in
- StormDrain Square Catch Basin Kit
- NDS Black Plastic Grate 12 in
- StormDrain Large Round Catch Basin